This is a guide to understanding everything related to the building of a ring and all things related to ring terminology. Please refer to the diamond buying guide for everything related to a diamond. This will hopefully provide you the ability to describe the perfect engagement ring styles that you desire.
First, the anatomy of the ring itself.
Not all of these terms are commonly used. Ideally, it is important to know the center stone, side stones, and prongs (the pieces of metal holding in the stones).
From there, a shank determines the personality of the ring, and where the diamonds can be placed. A shank can be built up with more metal, or it may be completely reshanked and have the bottom half cut off and a new one soldered on.
While a straight traditional shank is common, all the shanks are often used and really depends on personal opinion.
Ring Profiles are next. This is the shape of the band itself, on the inside and outside.
First to note is the width. The width of the ring affects its fit and ability to go over knuckles. From there, the outside profile is not something that someone usually picks, and more just comes based on the setting and shank chosen. Mens' rings often use a flat outside.
The inside profile will greatly affect the comfort of the ring but is largely dependent on personal preference. Make sure to try on various ring profiles before picking your favorite.
Ring styles are common settings and various versions of rings. This is one of the easiest ways to begin ring shopping by finding a style you like.
Of these sets, a bridal set is the most common. It is the typical engagement ring paired with an additional wedding band. This can be a shadow or notched band, or just straight tracer bands.
Finally is how the diamonds themselves are mounted into the ring. Individual diamonds are mounted with prongs, or metal that holds in the diamond. The more prongs the more secure the diamond.
There are also different types of prongs as well, ranging from double to v-prong/chevron prongs.
The setting for the center stone is also ranging. The more flush with the ring, the more secure.
All of these settings are common, and relies on personal preference and budget when picking.
Smaller accent stones going down the band can also be set in various ways. Channel set is the most popular, although it is again a choice based on personal preference. Pave diamonds are also common in various rings as well.